What is Hadoop Cluster?
April 15, 2021
Hadoop relies on open-source batch processing of big data. It means that the data is stored and analyzed using Hadoop over some time. Real-time processing can be done in Spark. This computing power in Spark in real-time allows us to solve real-time analytics cases. Spark can do batch processing 100 times faster than Hadoop MapReduce. Therefore, Apache Spark is the platform for the industry’s Big Data analysis.
To enter into this field, know what Big Data is and learn Hadoop and Spark’s basics. These can be learned from popular beginner programs offered by few training providers. These training sessions and programs aim to provide you with a profound understanding of Spark’s basics, preparing you to become a Big data expert. These training programs allow you to work on real-life industry projects through integrated laboratories. If you prefer big data and Hadoop, then it’s a perfect course to start. You can also use a Hadoop multi-node training cluster to practice during the course.
Let’s know a brief idea about the Hadoop cluster meanwhile before you enroll for the best course.
What is a Hadoop Cluster?
Apache Hadoop is a parallel data processing engine and an open-source Java software platform. It allows the processing of big data analytics to be broken down into smaller tasks, which can be done simultaneously by an algorithm and distributed over the Hadoop clusters.
A Hadoop cluster is generally a set of computers called nodes networked to carry out parallel computations of these kinds on big data sets. Unlike other computer clusters, the Hadoop clusters are explicitly built in the distributed computing environment for storing and analyzing the mass quantities of structured and unstructured data. Hadoop’s unique structure and architecture are further differentiated from other computer clusters. The ability to scale linearly and easily add or remove volume nodes makes them suitable for Big Data Analytics job roles with highly variable data sets.
We must first describe two concepts, a cluster, and a node when talking about Hadoop clusters. A set of nodes is a cluster. A node is a virtual, physical, or container-driven process. We say process because other programs besides Hadoop are running a code.
If Hadoop doesn’t run in cluster mode, it is said to work locally. When Hadoop is being executed in the local node, it writes data to the local file system rather than the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS).
Hadoop is a master-slave model that coordinates the position of several slaves with one master. Yarn is the resource manager who coordinates the activities, taking into account the CPU, memory, bandwidth, and storage.
A Hadoop cluster can be extended, meaning adding more nodes. It is stated that Hadoop is linearly scalable. It means you get the corresponding increase in the performance for every node added. In general, if you have n nodes, then by adding one mode, you (1/n) have additional computing power. This sort of distributed computing is a significant change from using a single server, where it only marginally increases when memory and CPU are added.
How to build a cluster in Hadoop?
Hadoop is not a trivial task to build a cluster. Finally, our system efficiency depends on how our cluster is designed. Here we will talk about different parameters that should be taken into account when creating a Hadoop cluster.
- Understand the type of workloads about which cluster is concerned. The volume of data to be managed by the cluster.
- Method of data storage like, if any, the technique of data compression.
- Policy on data protection, such as how many times we would flush.
These factors allow us to determine the specifications of several machines and their configurations. The efficiency and costs of the hardware approved should be balanced.
Configuring Hadoop Cluster
To set up the Hadoop cluster, perform standard Hadoop jobs with the default setting to get the baseline. To check if a job takes longer than planned, we can scan job history log files. If so, then we can change the configuration. After that, repeat the same procedure to adjust the Hadoop cluster’s configuration to suit your business requirements. The performance of the cluster depends heavily on daemon resources. The Hadoop Cluster assigns one CPU core to each DataNode of small- to medium-sized data. It gives two CPU cores to HDFS daemons for massive data sets.
Advantages of a Hadoop Cluster
- Scalable: Hadoop is an unlimitedly scalable computing platform. We can only extend the Hadoop storage network by adding additional goods hardware in contrast to RDBMS. Over thousands of machines, Hadoop can run business applications entirely and process petabytes of data.
- Cost-effective: There are many drawbacks to traditional data storage units, including a significant limitation on storage. Through its distributed storage topology, Hadoop Clusters radically overcome it. The shortage of storage can be dealt with simply by adding extra storage units to the system.
- Flexible: Hadoop Cluster’s main benefit is flexibility. The Hadoop cluster can process any data that is not structured, semi-structured, or completely unstructured. It allows Hadoop directly from Social Media to process several kinds of data.
- Fast: Within a fraction of a second, Hadoop Clusters can process petabytes of data. The robust data mapping capabilities of Hadoop make this possible. On all servers, the data processing tools are always open. The Data Processing tool is accessible on the same device that stores the necessary data.
- Failure resilient: Hadoop cluster’s data loss is a myth. In the Hadoop cluster, data replication is almost impossible to lose, which serves as a backup storage device in the event of node failure.
For any big data task, Hadoop isn’t always a complete, out-of-the-box solution. MapReduce, as noted, is sufficient to ensure that many Hadoop users use the framework only to store loads of data quickly and cheaply.
However, Hadoop is still the best and commonly used data management system when you don’t have time or resources to store it in a relational database. It is why Hadoop is probably going to remain for some time in the Big Data space.