A kutcha house or kachcha house is a house that has walls made using raw materials (or “kutcha” materials) such as bamboo, grass, mud, reed, straw, stones, thatch, leaves, and unburnt bricks. As it’s a given, these are not permanent structures similar to a pucca “strong” houses as in the city like the flats or buildings or also the semi pucca houses.
By default, these are temporary houses that are mostly seen in the rural areas where the workers choose to make-shift their homes instead of investing in a pucca house, owing to their expensive rates – opting for a kutcha house.
As per the census of 2011, the highest percentage of the ‘good’ houses or the ‘pucca houses’ was observed in Goa (76%) and the least number of these were seen in Odisha (29.5%).
Nevertheless, at 5.4% – the national average, the dilapidated houses got featured in the Census 2011 also observing West Bengal with the highest number of dilapidated houses in 2011 and Goa with the least with only 1.5%.
Additionally, the census also featured pucca houses, semi-pucca houses, and kutcha houses such as a hut. Out of which the last two categories, which are the semi-pucca house and the kutcha house together, accumulated a percentage of 48% of the houses.
There was also a wide difference observed between the urban and rural areas, in the housing stock of 2011. The difference here was as much as 33% in pucca houses, with 20% in semi pucca houses, 13% in kutcha houses, 7.8% serviceable, and 5.2% in non-serviceable.
Yes! There are multiple kinds of kutcha houses in India that are bifurcated with the materials used to build them. Nevertheless, no matter the kind of material used, these kinds of houses stand a chance of destruction owing to floods, earthquakes, cyclones, and other natural disasters and security threats due to crime.
Listed below are the different kinds of Kutcha houses that you can see in India, depending on the materials used:
Those living in the Kutcha houses often struggle for basic amenities like access to clean water, bath/toilet facility at home, 24/7 electricity, or even LPG/PNG in the kitchen.
Difference between kutcha house and pucca house
|Kutcha house||Pucca house|
|Kutcha Houses are made from easily available materials such as straw, mud, stones, or wood.||Pucca houses are made from much stronger materials, such as iron, steel, bricks, cement, etc – forming a concrete structure.|
|These are mostly owned by economically/financially handicapped sections of the society.||Here the owners are those above the poverty line.|
|Kutcha houses are unstable with their structure and often run the risk of being damaged by natural disasters or criminal actions.||These are much more stable – all thanks to the concrete, they cannot be easily broken.|
|These are often built using makeshift accommodations.||These are permanent houses that are seen as a good investment.|
|They have very basic amenities||Pucca house owners enjoy amenities according to their standard of income.|
|In a Kutcha house, there might not be room demarcations.||Here, the rooms are very well demarcated with dedicated bedrooms, living rooms, hallways, kitchens, and baths.|
Kutcha houses have their benefits, especially the ones made from mud used by rural people. Let us dig deeper through the pros and cons of a Kutcha house in this section.
Yes, they do! The units under PMAY Gramin are specifically meant for those who cannot afford a property on their own or are living in Kutcha houses with barely any amenities to offer.
Yes! They are. As per the census of 2011, the highest percentage of the ‘good’ houses or the ‘pucca houses’ was observed in Goa (76%) and the least number of these were seen in Odisha (29.5%).
Those who cannot live in a Pucca house or are living in a place for a short period living in Kutcha houses.
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